Vincent van Gogh painted The Starry Night in an asylum. 'Self-Portrait With Bandaged Ear' by Vincent van Gogh, painted in 1889. Also, while it’s possible that van Gogh only lopped off the lobe, his physician sketched an image that shows van Gogh’s entire ear is missing. Vincent van Gogh died from a (likely) self-inflicted gunshot wound in France. It's believed that Vincent van Gogh used this gun when he died by suicide in 1890.